The originally designated Caldas da Rainha Earthenware Factory was founded in 1884 with the purpose of revitalizing the traditional arts of ceramics, combining them with the modernity of various styles that heralded the future, but above all, with the originality of its creator, Raphael Bordallo Pinheiro. Thus was born the artistic production of pieces, to this day, inseparable from our imaginary and cultural references of a universal character.
Raphael Bordallo Pinheiro was one of the most influential people of nineteenth century Portuguese culture, with remarkable production - particularly regarding the areas of humoristic drawing, caricature and ceramic creation. His work represents an unsettling, ever timely reality and a fundamental documentation of political, social, cultural and ideological study of a time period. His remarkable work with ceramics was awarded the gold medal in international exhibitions (Madrid, Antwerp, Paris and in St. Louis, United States).